Migration and Predation
February 5 to 22, 2022
February is green on the Serengeti – a perfect safari backdrop for lions, cheetahs, and leopards as they stalk prey. While zebras, giraffes, and gazelles nurse their young and newborn wildebeest calves frolic on the plains alongside their mothers, predators skulk in the fresh grasses. Elephants drink and wallow in water among the baobab trees, flocks of storks dot the plains searching for insects, and oxpeckers feast on small insects on giraffes. The southern Serengeti plains are home to cheetahs with frisky cubs and leopards hunting along the river corridors. With only four participants per vehicle, our stretch, pop-top Land Cruisers provide 360° views for wildlife viewing and photographic opportunities. When the Cheesemans started leading East African trips in 1978, they didn’t dream that they would still be going back there year after year. But with almost 50 mammal species, colorful reptiles, and at least 300 bird species, how can you resist?
- Watch enormous elephants dwarfed by towering baobab trees in Tarangire National Park.
- Gaze at dense wildlife herds contained by the lush caldera walls of Ngorongoro Crater.
- Experience vast Serengeti plains as far as you can see with blue wildebeest, Burchell’s zebras, cheetahs, and leopards scattered about.
- Delight in the antics of olive baboons and blue monkeys as they leap among trees in Lake Manyara National Park.
- Continue your journey on our Kenya extension from February 21 to 28, 2022. Discover the many arid-adapted species unique to Kenya: the highly endangered Grevy’s zebra, reticulated giraffe, gerenuk, Beisa oryx, and unique birds like Somali ostrich and golden-breasted starling.
- After the Kenya extension, continue your journey on our Mountain Gorilla extension from February 27 to March 3, 2022. Trek the forests of the Virunga Mountains to encounter Rwanda’s “gentle giant,” the mountain gorilla.
Itinerary Updated: June 2020
FAQ Print Trip Safari Options
|Feb 5||Travel to Arusha, Tanzania.|
|Feb 6||Arrive in Arusha.||Arusha Serena Hotel, Arusha|
|Feb 7 - 8||African elephant extravaganza at Tarangire National Park, plus giraffe and other wildlife.||Tarangire Sopa Lodge, Tarangire National Park||B, L, D|
|Feb 9 - 11||Descend into Ngorongoro Crater to experience dense wildlife herds and the famous black-maned lions found only in the crater.||Ngorongoro Serena Safari Lodge, Ngorongoro Conservation Area||B, L, D|
|Feb 12 - 14||Leave the Ngorongoro Crater to visit Oldevai Gorge. Behold spectacular views of the vast Serengeti Plains as you enter Serengeti National Park and immerse in its wildlife diversity.||Serengeti Sopa Lodge, Serengeti National Park||B, L, D|
|Feb 15 - 19||Explore each nook of the woodlands, marshes, and plains in the Ndutu area of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area during off-road game drives.||Ndutu Safari Lodge, Ngorongoro Conservation Area||B, L, D|
|Feb 20||Bid farewell to the Serengeti ecosystem this morning. Enjoy a picnic lunch at the craft shop near Lake Manyara before exploring the national park in the afternoon.||Lake Manyara Serena Safari Lodge, near Lake Manyara National Park||B, L, D|
|Feb 21||Delight in morning monkey commotion at Lake Manyara National Park. Prepare for our Kenya extension or depart for home.||Kia Lodge, Arusha (dayroom only)||B, L|
|Feb 22||Fly to Nairobi to continue on our Kenya extension or arrive home.|
Our Trip Leaders
Yuda grew up near the east side of Kilimanjaro near the Kenya border on land that is now part of Mkomazi National Park. He worked at a wildlife sanctuary before becoming a guide and is especially knowledgeable about animal behavior. Due to his long hours in the field observing wildlife, he understands their feeding, hunting, and other behaviors, especially the cats. Like all our Tanzanian guides, he is aware of the elements that make a good photo and will position the vehicle to achieve the best action in the best light.
Steven has been guiding for us in Tanzania since the late 1980s. He learned to speak English when he was in the Tanzanian Army. He often studies mammal, bird, and plant books and puts his extensive knowledge to work in the field to find the best wildlife action. Steven grew-up on fertile highlands near Ngorongoro Crater. He has a wonderfully warm personality, is a great leader, and highly respected among the trip’s guides in Tanzania.
Maulidi, like many of our Tanzanian guides, has been working with us since the late 1980s. He is a true intellectual who spends hours studying nature, learning both the English and scientific names, plus many interesting facts of the species you encounter. You will be convinced that he has "eyes in the back of his head" because of his keen spotting abilities used to find hidden leopards and other wildlife. He is familiar with all the bird songs, which he began learning as a boy growing up west of bird-rich Tarangire National Park. Also a wonderful teacher, he trained two of his brothers and his son to become trip naturalists.
Gail is a naturalist of the best kind–self-taught through a lifetime in the field fueled by a deep passion for wildlife. Her attention to trip details and individual desires ensures that each Cheesemans’ traveler has the experience of their dreams. Gail has a true spirit for conservation that drives her actions on many issues, both local and worldwide. Together, Gail and Doug make a team of remarkable ecologists who seek to inspire others to enjoy and conserve the Earth’s wild landscapes.
Emmanuel has great knowledge of the terrain and wildlife of Tanzania that is matched by a great sense of humor and contagious chuckle. He was a driver/naturalist for Ngorongoro in the 1980s when Doug and Gail met him. His father was head chef at Ngorongoro Crater Lodge, giving him a wonderful opportunity to learn about its special wildlife while growing up.
Doug leverages his expertise gained during 35 years of teaching ecology and zoology at De Anza College to offer travelers a unique learning experience in wildlife-rich regions of the world. Doug and Gail have led over 70 trips to Africa, especially to Tanzania and Kenya, since 1978. They also led many trips to all corners of the globe including the Antarctic, South America, Australia, and Asia. A love of photographing wildlife behavior and giving college-level lectures to interested groups adds to his accomplishments.
James has the most experience of all our guides in Tanzania and is considered the wizard of the safari scene. Once, when we arrived at a flooded river with many cars queued and waiting to cross, James rerouted us to a little-known crossing that was not flooded, and we were soon on our way. He is a very wise man and an inspiration to his daughter who recently earned her Master's degree in biology and manages one of the national parks in southern Tanzania. James is a warm and friendly person with lots of knowledge that he will share with you.
A glimpse into our journey
Arrive in Arusha, Tanzania
Arrive at Kilimanjaro International Airport where our local agent will transfer you from the airport to the hotel.
Tarangire National Park
Feb 7 - 8
Stroll the hotel grounds around dawn to observe the birds beginning their day. After breakfast, greet your resident guides and depart for Tarangire National Park for an elephant extravaganza. Discover the dense community of African elephants dwarfed by towering baobab trees glimmering in the light. Watch for the different elephant behaviors – scooping water in their trunks to drink, splashing water onto their backs to cool off, using their toenails to cut grass to eat, and if you’re lucky, boisterous wallowing in the river and mud. Tarangire is also home to two birds you won’t find elsewhere – ashy starling and yellow-collared lovebird.
Feb 9 - 11
Weave through the Ngorongoro Conservation Area to descend from the Ngorongoro Crater rim into its astounding ecosystem 2,000ft below. The Crater caldera contains 110 square miles of grasslands, marsh, and fresh and alkaline (brackish) lakes, providing habitat to about 25,000 large animals. Lion prides, hyena cackles, and jackal families interact uninhibited by vehicles while nervous wildebeest calve and nurse young. Track black-maned male lions unique to Ngorongoro to highlight just one of the many interrelationships between the wildlife and its ecosystem. In the evenings, catch the last glimmer of light reflecting on the alkaline lakes within the crater. Watch the rich colors unfold during sunrises and sunsets and discover the abundant bird activity around your lodge up on the crater rim.
Olduvai Gorge and Serengeti National Park
Feb 12 - 14
Head to Olduvai Gorge on the eastern boundary of the Serengeti Ecological Unit. Here the Leakeys found the hominid remains Australopitchecus boisei, Homo habilis, and Homo erectus, plus many other fossils exhibited in the museum at Olduvai. Descend into the gorge and visit “Bed I” where Mary Leakey found Australopitchecus boisei. If you search the adjacent wash, you may find some fossil fragments. A new Masai cultural boma has been established at Olduvai where we can experience the traditional way of life of these pastoral people. After lunch, take in the expansive grasslands of the vast Serengeti Plains spread before you as you enter Serengeti National Park. The alkaline soil, rich in salts like calcium and sodium, creates a hardpan that prevents tree growth and holds rainwater close to the surface to facilitate dense grass growth. Continuous grass cropping during feeding maintains this productive and rich food source that sustains the large numbers of wildebeest and other ungulates. Amid the grasslands, scan the protruding granite kopjes (pronounced “copies”) for predators watching their prey scattered on the plains below. Lions, cheetah, and leopards dominate these corridors formed by marshes, the Seronera River, and the kopjes.
Serengeti Plains of Ndutu in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Feb 15 - 19
Immense herds of blue wildebeest and Burchell’s zebras graze the short grass among the Moru and Gol kopjes. Search for predators, and then enjoy a picnic lunch while watching the movement of these herds on your way to the lodge. During this season, Ndutu is Gail and Doug’s favorite area in East Africa because of the wildlife action found here – especially the cheetah moms with cubs who follow the wildebeest nursery herds.
With more than five days here, you’ll have time to explore each nook of the woodlands, marshes, and Serengeti Plains in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area during off-road game drives. Wildebeest calving occurs during a three-week period when about 80 to 90% of the calves are born, increasing the likelihood that calves survive. Keep an eye out for exciting predation behaviors when carnivores attempt to catch a calf.
Be on the lookout for cats like serval, African wild cat, cheetah, leopard, and lion in this area of the Serengeti. And don’t be surprised if you have an unexpected guest at dinner – a family of genets live on the lodge grounds! Other special species in this area include Fischer’s lovebirds that frequent the lodge’s bird bath, steinbok, gray-breasted francolin, and chestnut-banded plover.
Retracing our route as we head to Lake Manyara National Park
Bid farewell to the woodlands, marshes, and plains of Ndutu as you retrace the drive along the Ngorongoro Crater rim to Lake Manyara National Park that sits atop the escarpment formed by the Great Rift. You’ll have a picnic lunch and an opportunity to shop for souvenirs, followed by an afternoon in the national park.
Lake Manyara National Park and departure
Find olive baboons grooming themselves along the forest road, blue monkeys chasing each other in the tree branches, elephants foraging in the forest, and silvery-cheeked hornbills calling and flitting among the canopy openings. An abundant number of fig, mahogany, and fruit trees grow and thrive above the underground water supply in this groundwater forest.
Share a special farewell luncheon with your guides and then drive to the lodge near the Kilimanjaro International Airport. If you are not continuing on the Kenya extension, use your dayroom at the lodge (included) to refresh and prepare for your flight home, or stay overnight to prepare for our Kenya extension.
Join our Kenya extension or arrive home
Fly to Nairobi to join our Kenya extension or arrive home.
February is green on the Serengeti in Tanzania – a perfect safari backdrop for lions, cheetahs, and leopards.
Cost & Payments
Costs (in US$)
|Type||Cost Per Person|
|Trip Cost, double occupancy||$13,995|
Costs are per person, double occupancy, not including airfare, singles extra. See Included and Not Included sections for more details.
If you are a single traveler, we will find a roommate for you, but if we cannot find you a roommate, we may charge you a single supplement. Single rooms cost extra and are subject to availability.
|Payment||Due Date||Amount Per Person|
|Deposit||Due now to reserve your space||$500|
|Second Payment||December 1, 2020||$2,000|
|Final Payment||September 15, 2021||Remaining balance|
Payments are due based on the schedule above. All reservations require a deposit to confirm reservation of your space.
Until the Final Payment due date, deposits are refundable except for a cancellation fee of $150 per person, which can be applied toward another trip if reserved within six months of the cancelled trip’s departure date. Cancellations are non-transferrable. No refunds are given after the Final Payment due date.
- All leaders, park entry fees, and permits for all activities unless described as optional.
- Accommodations for the nights of February 6 through February 20 and a dayroom on February 21.
- Meals from breakfast on February 7 through lunch on February 21.
- Bottled water throughout the trip.
- Transfers from the Kilimanjaro International Airport to Arusha Serena Hotel, regardless of arrival day, and via complimentary hotel airport shuttle from Kia Lodge to the Kilimanjaro International Airport, regardless of departure day.
- Trip Materials – information about flights, packing, entry and departure requirements, airport transfers, gratuities, etc.
- Short Term AMREF Flying Doctor medical emergency evacuation insurance. This does not include hospital or treatment costs. For more information see travel insurance.
- All airfare, airport and departure taxes, and excess baggage fees. Round-trip airfare is approximately $750 to $1,500 between the US and Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.
- Passport and visa fees.
- We can arrange extra hotel nights for an extra cost.
- Gratuities – tipping is always discretionary. However, we suggest budgeting about $22 to $25 per participant per day for February 6 to February 21 with our leaders (about $352 to $400 total per participant).
- Trip cancellation insurance. For more information see travel insurance.
- Items of a personal nature such as laundry, telephone calls, medical costs or hospitalization, room service, alcoholic and other beverages, items not on the regular menu, etc. If you have special dietary needs, please indicate them on your Reservation Form.
Temperatures generally range from around 65°F at night to 92°F during the day (18 to 33°C), but the temperature depends on the elevation. Although most days will be warm to hot, it can be cool and breezy in the Land Cruisers early in the morning and in the late afternoon. This is the dry season between the “short rains” of November/December and the “long rains” of mid-March through mid-June, but rain is still possible.
Most days consist of early mornings, game drives on bumpy roads, and long hours in nature that require good energy levels. Most walking is optional and around lodge grounds between game drives. Please contact us if you have any health concerns that may make this trip challenging.
Airfare is not included in trip costs. Detailed logistical information and the contact information for our recommended flight-ticketing agent are included in the Trip Materials we will send you. Please let us know if you are arriving earlier or staying later as we are happy to assist you with any extra overnights that you might want to arrange.
Flights you (or a travel agent) book: Arrive at Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) near Arusha, Tanzania, by February 6. Depart from Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) on the evening of February 21. If you are continuing on our Kenya extension, see the Flights section in its itinerary for departure information.
Which safari is right for me if I want to travel to Africa?
If this is your first African safari, we suggest taking both our Tanzania and Kenya trips to experience the quintessential African safari. The grassy Serengeti Plains of Tanzania and Kenya spread unbelievably from horizon to horizon and are often covered with migrating herds seeking fresh grass while predators pursue them. In northern Kenya, you will experience a drier landscape populated by the arid-adapted animals that live there. Animals are also generally more habituated to vehicles so you can get quite close.
Our Botswana and Zambia safari provides you with a unique immersion into wild Africa through carefree mobile camping that gives you an intimate 24/7 connection. The extensive waterways of the Okavango Delta that spread on the dry, sandy landscape of Botswana create quite the contrast to the grass-covered Serengeti Plains of Tanzania and Kenya. In Botswana, you find more animals suited to this dry watery environment such as hippos, elephants, and antelopes. It is possible to see the “big five” (African lion, African elephant, cape buffalo, African leopard, and rhinoceros) in all three countries.
What is the “Great Migration?”
The Great Serengeti Migration is the continuous movement of vast herds of wildebeest, accompanied by large numbers of Burchell’s zebra and fewer numbers of Grant’s gazelle, Thompson’s gazelle, topi, kongoni (hartebeest), eland, and impala. Throughout the year the herds move in a circular, clockwise pattern around the Serengeti, heading northward or southward, seeking new green grass. It is the world’s largest terrestrial mammal migration!
Which safari is best to see the “Great Migration?”
The exact timing of the migration is dependent on the seasonal rainfall that freshens the grass consumed by ungulates. Throughout the year the herds move in a circular pattern around the Serengeti, heading northward or southward, seeking new green grass. In January/February, wildlife is concentrated in the southern Serengeti short grass plains of Tanzania. In July/August, the famous Mara River crossings of wildebeest and zebra occur in the northern Serengeti ecosystem right on the border of Tanzania and Kenya. While the herbivores migrate through the Serengeti, they pass through the territories of many predators, such as lions, cheetahs, leopards, and hyenas.
Why are the January/February and July/August itineraries different?
Our itineraries follow the concentration of the great ungulate herds during their migration through the Serengeti ecosystem.
In January/February, you spend almost twice the number of nights at Ndutu in the southern Serengeti in Tanzania. Here you can drive off-road, which provides ample opportunities for unique experiences. The cat population around Ndutu is one of the best in all the Serengeti with serval, African wild cat, cheetah, leopard, and lion.
In July/August, you focus on the Mara River near the Kenya border where much of the wildlife is concentrated. If you are interested in a July/August safari, but don’t see an itinerary online, please contact us.
What species are present in both seasons?
In both seasons you can see similar species (about 50 mammals and 250 bird species) but an additional 25 northern bird species migrate south in January/February. In July/August you have a better chance of seeing denning African wild dogs.
Will I see large herds in both seasons?
Yes, but the distribution is different. In January/February the wildlife is grazing on the short grass plains, often in lines or dispersed over the plains, only visiting water sources when needed. While in July/August, the wildlife is concentrated around water sources.
What is the difference in animal behaviors between both seasons?
In January/February, wildebeest are calving and other ungulates (such as zebra) are nursing young, and cheetah females with cubs are more visible as they follow the herd movements. In July/August, although not guaranteed, you have the best chance of seeing zebra and wildebeest herds cross the Mara River while trying to avoid crocodiles.
What is the difference in climate between both seasons?
January/February is warmer since it’s the summer season in the southern hemisphere.
How much time do I spend in nature?
You will spend maximum time in nature! You will have two game drives per day – early morning and afternoon. You typically leave the lodge around dawn, come back for lunch (or have a picnic lunch), head back out an hour or so after lunch, and return for dinner (sometimes late). Be prepared for long days.
Can I walk around to see the wildlife?
For safety reasons, you are not permitted to leave the vehicles on safari drives, although you can walk around the lodge grounds.
What is Cheesemans’ background in East Africa tourism?
Doug and Gail have been leading safaris in Tanzania and Kenya since 1978 and have known many of the local naturalists/guides since they were young adults. Not only do you have experts on wildlife behavior, but you also get a unique family-like experience from spending time with Doug, Gail, and the local guides.
You stay in top-notch lodges with private baths in close proximity to the parks/reserves and wildlife.
You travel in pop-top Land Cruisers with shaded roof covers that provide 360° viewing and excellent photography opportunities. With only four participants in each seven-passenger vehicle, you’ll have more space for your gear and changing vantage points. Be prepared to experience bumpy, unpaved roads, and although our vehicles are comfortable, you will be jostled around.
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"I loved the view of the crater Ngorongoro from our hotel at the top. Impossible to capture. Breathtaking, especially because everything was so green and lush. Areas on the deck of the hotel provided a beautiful frame for pictures of the crater. Also watching the moon rise over the crater will stay in my memory forever. I also liked the entertainment provided by the hotel."
Lorrayne Bailey, 2020
"This was a magnificent experience! I am still processing all I saw and experienced two months later. I understand why Doug & Gail have returned so many times."
Phyllis York, 2019
"The guides exceeded my expectations! They were not only excellent wildlife spotters and drivers, and so personable and friendly—they also have a
remarkable depth of knowledge. They did a great job answering questions, answering what was asked and providing additional interesting info, but
not going on at such length that we missed new sightings. They were just superb, every one."